Eczema is a skin condition that affects people of all ages. The condition is characterized by dry and itchy skin. Baby eczema is also called infant eczema or atopic dermatitis. This rash-like condition can lead to patches of rough and leathery skin. Approximately 10 to 20 percent of infants will develop eczema, but most of them will grow out of it. Babies who are predisposed to eczema tend to have a less developed skin barrier, which leads to itchiness. They are constantly trying to get rid of this itch, so they will rub their skin against anything it comes in contact with, that's why using a cream or lotion for baby eczema is a must.
Eczema may develop on any area of the body, but it usually starts on the cheeks. Other commonly affected areas include the joints of the arms and legs. Eczema is very treatable, and the majority of cases respond well to prescription products and over-the-counter eczema creams or lotions.
As a disclaimer, while we do our best to make sure all info is accurate, check with your healthcare provider before attempting any new treatment.
What Causes Eczema?
The cause(s) of eczema are not always apparent, but there may be a genetic component. Infants who have at least one parent with the condition are two to three times more likely to develop it. Eczema causes problems in the skin barrier. The weakened skin barrier is more prone to dryness because it cannot retain moisture as well. Fatty cells called ceramides are fewer in people with eczema. This causes the skin to lose moisture and become very dry. The weakened skin barrier is also more susceptible to germs. Good skin care is essential for babies with eczema because skin that is excessively dry is easily irritated by external triggers. Common eczema triggers include stress, temperature, and allergens. Dry skin can get worse during winter months when the humidity level is low. Irritants include scratchy clothing, perfumes, and soaps. Allergens like cow's milk, eggs, and peanuts may cause or worsen eczema symptoms.
Treating Baby Eczema
Eczema can be treated with prescription medication and/or over-the counter creams and lotions. Prescription creams usually contain some type of steroid. In addition, there are eczema creams that help to prevent breakouts of eczema. Home treatment can also help to make your baby more comfortable. A short lukewarm bath with oatmeal products or bath oil can help to soothe itching. The use of mild soaps for bathing and laundry can help to control breakouts caused by irritants in regular soaps. Bathing your baby too often can dry out their already dehydrated skin. After bath time, pat wet skin dry with the towel instead of rubbing it. Apply the eczema cream right after baby’s bath to lock in moisture. Keep your baby's nails trimmed to minimize injury and infection from scratching. Dress your baby in loose, cotton clothing to keep him or her cool and comfortable. You can also place cotton mittens or socks on your baby’s hands to minimize damage to the skin from scratching.
The Best Lotion for Baby Eczema
What's the best lotion for baby eczema? The following baby eczema creams have received great reviews for helping to lessen symptoms of baby eczema. CeraVe Baby Moisturizing Cream helps to hydrate the skin and restore its natural barrier. Aveeno Baby Eczema Therapy Moisturizing Cream helps to hydrate baby’s skin and reduce itching. Eucerin Baby Eczema Relief Body Cream is enriched with oatmeal to help soothe inflamed skin. Weleda Sensitive Care Face Cream is made up of organic and calming ingredients that help to soothe the facial skin. Mustela Stelatopia Emollient Cream is a plant-based cream that can be used for sensitive skin. It helps to protect and strengthen the skin. Babyganics Eczema Care Skin Protectant Cream is all- natural and provides 12 hours of hydration. Triple Cream Eczema Care & Severe Dry Skin is great for severely dry and irritated skin and is an effective overnight cream.
Check with Your Doctor
You should consult your doctor before using eczema products on your baby’s skin. Home treatments or over-the-counter products may not be enough to treat your baby’s eczema, so a prescription medication may be needed. It's important to keep your baby away from people who have illnesses like cold sores because eczema increases the risk of contracting these types of illnesses. Notify your baby’s doctor if you notice any scabbing on your baby’s skin. Yellowish crust or pus-filled blisters on the affected areas should also be reported promptly. Your doctor can prescribe antibiotics to treat infections related to your baby’s eczema. Severe cases of eczema may be referred to a pediatric dermatologist for examination and stronger prescription medication.